Minimise the risk of Age-related Macular Degeneration
Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of irreversible vision loss among elderly people, who slowly lose their central vision. In time, a person with macular degeneration may find it difficult or impossible to read, drive or recognize familiar faces.
But there are a number of things you can do to minimise the risk of developing AMD:
- Don’t smoke: Smokers are up to four times more likely than non-smokers to have macular degeneration
- Eat plenty of dark, leafy green vegetables, such as raw spinach: people who consume the most vegetables rich in carotenoids (lutein and zeaxanthin) have a 43 percent lower risk of AMD than those who eat these foods the least. Carotenoid-rich vegetables include dark, leafy greens, especially raw spinach, kale and collard greens.
- Take a balanced multivitamin/multimineral supplement: Your doctor or pharmacist can recommend the best one for you.
- If you already have AMD, ask your doctor about other supplements specially formulated for macular health.
- Eat fish or take a fish oil supplement.
- Exercise regularly, and maintain a healthy weight.
- Eat fruit and nuts daily.
- Limit your intake of refined carbohydrates (high-glycemic index foods): Diets high in refined carbohydrates increase the risk of AMD.Highly refined foods have a high glycemic index, causing a rapid increase in blood sugar and insulin release. Examples of refined carbohydrates include white bread, white rolls, baked white potatoes, donuts and pretzels. Low glycemic index foods include most fruits, brown rice, multi-grain and whole grain breads, apple juice and carrot juice.
- Keep your blood pressure and cholesterol under control.
- Wear sunglasses outdoors to block UV and blue light that may cause eye damage.
- Have regular eye exams.
It is always important to see your Optometrist if you think you might have a problem with your eyesight. You can book an appointment online with Five Dock Eyecare.